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Actúa, una guía con consejos útiles y prácticos

Si quieres, puedes proteger el medio ambiente en cualquier lugar en el que te encuentres, tu casa, el colegio, la tienda, el jardín, el barrio, en la carretera, en la playa... Ya no hay escapatoria posible. Lo dice la organización ecologista Greenpeace en su guía de 100 consejos prácticos para conseguir una vida sostenible. Su título, Actúa.

Con ella tratan de hacer llegar a todos, absolutamente a todos (adultos, jóvenes y niños), un mensaje muy sencillo: “todos somos responsables de nuestro entorno y cada vez que actuamos en él también lo modificamos”. Así que nada mejor que saber cómo hacerlo para no dañarlo. Por ejemplo, la guía sugiere qué se puede hacer en los centros escolares y con algo tan sencillo como la merienda del recreo o la comida.

No hay nada tan sencillo como emplear un recipiente reutilizable (mejor que el papel de aluminio) para transportarlo. De esta manera se ahorra y no se generan residuos. Segundo, antes de comprar material para el nuevo curso, intenta rescatar cosas del curso anterior; en los cuartos de baño (tanto los de casa como los del colegio), cuidado con el agua. Cerrar los grifos cuando no los necesites ayuda a ahorrar mucha energía. (...)

La guía de Greenpeace también explica el poder que tienes como consumidor y cómo puedes utilizarlo en favor del medio ambiente. Nada más sencillo, por ejemplo, que evitar la compra de envases de un solo uso como las latas, los envases de tetra brik, etcétera, en favor de los de vidrio retornable.

No tires la ropa que ya no uses, llévala a alguna organización humanitaria o cooperativas de reciclaje o utilízala para trapos del polvo. Y, tal y como reza en la guía, es muy importante que te intereses por la procedencia de las prendas que compres, los materiales que han utilizado y las condiciones en las que las han fabricado.

Somos responsables de nuestro entorno y, como tal, debemos cuidarlo. No es imposible ni algo que dependa exclusivamente de políticos y organizaciones. Cada uno de nosotros tiene su cota de poder cada vez que empleamos los recursos naturales. Y lo hacemos constantemente varias veces al día y de forma reiterada.

 

Olga Magistris López.

Actúa, una guía con consejos útiles y prácticos.

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THE HISTORY FATHER´S DAY

The history of Father's Day is very interesting. The thought for creating a day for children to honor their fathers began in Spokane, Washington. The idea of having the Father's Day came to the mind of Sonora Smart while listening to a Mother's Day sermon in 1909.

After the death of her mother, she along with her siblings was raised by her father, William Jackson Smart. Sonora wanted to tell her father how special he was. Sonora's father was born in June, so she chose to hold the first Father's Day celebration in Spokane, Washington on the 19th of June, 1910.

The National Father's Day Committee was formed in New York City in 1926. A Joint Resolution of Congress recognized the Father's day in 1956 and in 1966 President Richard Nixon established a permanent national observance of Father's Day to be held on the third Sunday of June. Thus, the Father's Day was born in memory and appreciation by a daughter who believed that her father and all other fathers should be honored with a special day.

 

father

Chistes

¡Diviértete!

chistes

La mujer está leyendo un libro y le dice al marido:
-¡Qué descaro! ¡Qué descaro! ¿Puedes creer, Fulgencio, que un tal Pablo Neruda ha publicado un libro copiando las poesías que me escribiste cuando éramos novios?

_____________________________________


-¿Quién es más vieja, la Luna o el Sol?
-La Luna, porque la dejan salir de noche.

_____________________________________


En el cine, marido y mujer discuten en voz alta. Un hombre sentado delante de ellos se da la vuelta y les dice:
-Perdonen, pero es que no oigo nada.
-¿Y por qué tendría usted que oír lo que nosotros decimos?

_____________________________________

-¿Qué es un asterisco?
-Es un puntito despeinado.

Activities

Atividade 1- Para melhorar a pronúncia tente repetir várias vezes:

Star light, star bright,
First star I see tonight,
I wish I may, I wish I might,
Have the wish I wish tonight.

 

Atividade 2- Breakfast – Food - Olhe a figura e veja o nome em inglês

breakfast

1 grapefruit – não é laranja, ela é mais acida e bem maior que uma laranja.
2 hot cereal – mingau de aveia
3 milk – leite
4 cereal
5 orange juice – suco de laranja
6 butter - manteiga
7 toast - torrada
8 croissant

 

Atividade 3- Use at, in, on, up, of, off to complete the sentences:

1. I heard that you are an expert _____ this field.
2. I manage a team ______ ten people.
3. My presentation is ______ a USB flash drive.
4. Why did you call ______ today's meeting?
5. I need to set ______ a meeting by next Friday.
6. I remain as _____ your disposal.


Key
1. I heard that you are an expert in this field.
2. I manage a team of ten people.
3. My presentation is on a USB flash drive.
4. Why did you call off today's meeting?
5. I need to set up a meeting by next Friday.
6. I remain as at your disposal.

Quer se tornar um craque no inglês?

A Copa acabou, mas você gostaria de se tornar um craque no inglês? Então, pratique o vocabulário sobre futebol a seguir e gol! Good luck!

craque

Amistoso – friendly game

Arquibancada – stand

Atacante – forward

Barreira – wall

Cartão amarelo – yellow card

Centroavante – center forward, striker

Chute – shot

Contra – against, versus, “v”

Defesa – save

Dois a zero – two nill

Equipe – team

Expulsar – to send off

Arbitro/juiz - referee

Gol contra – own goal

Goleador – hat-trick

Grande área – penalty area

Intervalo – half time

Torcer - to root for (Am), to support (Bri)

Linha da grande área – penalty area marking

Campo - field

Marcar o gol – to score a goal

Matar no peito – to chest trap

Morte súbita, gol de ouro – golden goal

Partida, jogo – match, game

Pequena área – box

Ponta-esquerda – left wing

Prorrogação – extra time

Rede – net

Técnico – manager, coach

Trave – post, goalpost

Vencer – to win

Zero a zero – nil nil

Apito – whistle

Arremesso lateral – throw in

Banco – the bench

Convocação – Call-up

Cartão vermelho – red card

Chutar – to shoot

Chuteira – cleated shoes

Cruzamento – cross

Descontos – injury time

Empate – draw

Escanteio – corner, corner kick

Fã – fan (também pode ser ventilador)

Gol – goal

Gol de empate – equaliser

Goleiro – goalkeeper

Impedimento – offside

Lateral direito - right back

Líbero – sweeper

Linha do meio de campo – halfway line

Mão na bola – handball

Marca do pênalti – penalty spot

Meio-campista – midfield, midfielder

Multidão – crowd

Passar – pass

Perder – to lose

Ponta-direita – right wing

Quarto zagueiro – left back

Reserva – substitute

Tiro livre – free kick

Torcedores - supporters

Travessão – crossbar

Zagueiro – defender, back

101 Things you need to know and some you don’t!

From the book : 101 Things you need to know and some you don’t!

Do Livro: 101 Coisas que você precisa saber e algumas que você não precisa!

What is the worst smell ever?

It’s a matter of taste, really. Perhaps you take offence at babies’ nappies, dog’s breath, rotting

vegetables or fresh fish? Most people do, but what is it about these things that make them so bad,

and some worse than others?

The worst whiff

Our sense of smell is basically an early-warning system. It’s not as sensitive as most animals’, but

then we face fewer threats. At least we can smell smoke from a fire or leaking gas. And we know

when food has passed its sell-buy gate and gone off, because it smells awful – as would a dead

animal, rotting in a tropical heat. The one thing many of the worst stenches have in common is that

they contain sulphur compounds. Take these natural stink-bombers...

-Skunk: this furry little creature can spray their ferocious fumes out of its backside with incredible

accuracy, and up to a distance of 3m, and the human nose can detect it up to a mile away

downwind!

- Corpse flower: it grows in the jungles of Sumatra and it is the world biggest flower...and the

foulest. Using sulphur-based chemicals it creates its revolting reek in order to attract beetles and

flies, which pollinate the plant.

- Durian fruit: this fruit, which comes from Southeast Asia, is famous for its terrible raw sewage

smell. It’s so bad that durians have been banned on public transport in Singapure.

 

book

World Cup in Brazil 2014

What are the countries where the most World Cup match tickets were bought? Here they are:

1. Brazil - 1,363,179

2. US - 196,838

3. Argentina - 61,021

4. Germany - 58,778

5. England - 57,917

6. Colombia - 54,477

7. Australia - 52,289

8. Chile - 38,638

9. France - 34,865

10. Mexico - 33,694

 

world-ccup

Source: Fifa from BBC News website

Interesting Facts About Brazil

Since FIFA's World Cup is here, why not learn some important and interesting facts about Brazil?

 

    #1: Some Quick Facts

    The name of the country comes from the name of the tree called ‘BrazilWood’

    In Portuguese, it is called Brasil and the language is called Brazil

    The conventional long form of Brazil is Federative Republic of Brazil.

    Brasilia is the capital city of Brazil.

    It has an estimated area of 8,514,877 sq km and a coastline of 7,491 Km.

    The Christ Redeemer located in Rio De Janeiro is located in Brazil which is one of the new seven wonders of the world.

 

    #2: Huge Area!

    Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world.

    It is the largest country in South America.

    It is the longest country in the world spanning 2800 miles via land from north to south

    It is also the largest country in Latin America.

 

    #3: Infrastructure

    Brazil has the second highest number of airports in the world.

    It has the tenth largest railway network in the world.

    It also has the third largest roadways in the world.

    Apart from this, it also has the world’s eighth largest economy in the world.

 

    #4: Highest & Lowest

    The highest point in Brazil is the Pico da Neblina at a height of 2994m.

    The lowest point in the country is Atlantic Ocean at 0m.

 

    #5: Portuguese

    Brazil has the official language as Portuguese.

    The country is the largest Portuguese speaking country in the Americas and has the largest Portuguese speaking population in the world.


    #6: Economy

    Brazil has one of the fastest growing economies. It has an annual growth rate of 5%.

    The country has the ninth highest number of billionaires in the world.

    It also stands tenth highest in the list of vehicle owners in the world.

 

    #7: Hydroelectricity

    Brazil is one of the leading producers of hydroelectric power.

    The country is totally energy independent since the year 2006. It was importing 75% of its energy needs in the form of oil.

 

    #8: Rain Forests

    Brazil has 60% of the rainforests that make up the Amazon rain forests.

    It also constitutes the world’s 25% of the rain forests.

 

    #9: Bio Diverse Richness

    Brazil has the most number of species of mammals, plants, fresh water fishes.

    It has the record for the most number of species of monkeys in the world.

    It stands third with respect to the number of bird species and fifth with respect to the number of reptile species. These interesting facts about Brazil related to Bio diversity of Brazil are really amazing.

 

    #10: The People

    With a population of around 200 million people, Brazil stands fifth largest in terms of the population.

    Brazil has the second highest Christian population in the world.

    The ethnic split up roughly constitutes Europeans – 54%, 6% Africans, 39% Mixed Euro Africans and 1% of other people.

    The literacy rate is very low in this country at 86.4%.

    One more interesting fact about Brazil: Resources & Production

    Brazil exports Coffee, Soybeans, Wheat, Rice, cocoa, citrus, beef and sugarcane.

    The best coffee in the world is said to come from Brazil.

    Natural resources like iron ore, tin, Aluminium, gold, Phosphate, Platinum, Uranium, Manganese, Copper, Coal.

 

brazil

Football Terms

Attacker: A player whose job is to play the ball forward towards the opponent's goal area to create a scoring opportunity.

Back Heel: A ball kicked using the back (heel) of the foot.

Back Pass: A pass that a player makes back toward their own goal, usually made back to the goalkeeper. This is often a defensive move to restart a new phase of play.

Ball Carrier: The player in possession of the ball.

Bending the Ball: Striking the ball off-center so that it travels in a curved path, ideally for shots at goal.

Bicycle Kick: A spectacular move in which a player jumps in the air in a backflip motion, kicking the ball backward over their head. The name comes from action which mimics their legs moving as if pedaling a bicycle.

Center Spot: The spot marked at the center of the field from which the kickoff is made.

Confederation: Organization responsible for football in their region

Corner Flag: The flag marking each of the four corners of the field.

Corner Kick: A free kick taken from the corner of the field by an attacker. The corner kick is awarded when the ball has passed over the goal line after last touching a defensive player. The shot is taken from the corner nearest to where the ball went out.

Cross: A pass played across the face of a goal.

Defender: A player whose job is to stop the opposition attacking players from goal scoring.

Direct Free Kick: A free kick in which a goal may be scored by the player taking the free kick.

Dribble: Keeping control of the ball while running.

Dummy Run: A run by a player without the ball, to lure defenders away from the ball carrier.

Far Post: The goalpost farthest from the ball.

FIFA: The acronym used for the Federation Internationale de Football Association, the world governing body for the game of association football, which is based in Switzerland.

Football: The term used for soccer in Europe and other countries outside of North America and Australia.

Foul: Any illegal play.

Free Kick: A kick awarded to an opposition player when an player has committed a foul. Free kicks can be either direct or indirect.

Futsal: version of Fottball played indoors

Give and Go: (also known as a 1-2) When a player passes the ball to a teammate, who immediately one-touch passes the ball back to the first player.

Goal Area: The rectangular area in front of the goal in which the goalkeeper may handle the ball. It is also known as the 18-yard box because of its dimensions.

Goal Kick: A goal kick is awarded to the defending team when the ball is played over the goal line by the attacking team. It can taken by any player though it is normally taken by the goalkeeper.

Goal Line: The two boundary lines located at each end of the field.

Goal Mouth: The area in front of the goal.

Goalkeeper: The specialized player who is the last line of defense, who is allowed to control the ball with his hands when in the goal area.

Header: Using of the head to pass or control the ball.

Indirect Free Kick: A free kick awarded to a player from which a goal may not be scored directly.

Inswinger: A kick that curves in toward the goal.

Kickoff: The kickoff is taken from the center spot at the start of play at the beginning of each half and after a goal has been scored.

Man to Man Marking: A defensive system where defenders are designated one attacking player to track continuously.

Midfielder: The playing position for players that are responsible for linking play between attackers and defenders.

Nearpost: The goalpost nearest the ball.

Obstruction: Causing obstruction, which is blocking an opponent with the body, is penalized by awarding an indirect free kick to the opposition.

Offside Trap: A technique used by defenders to put attacking players in an offside position, by moving quickly away from their own goal to leave attackers offside.

Offside: A player is in an offside position if he is nearer to his opponent's goal line than both the ball and the second-to-last opponent. This does not apply if the players is is on their half of the field. An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team at the place where the offside occurred.

One-Touch Pass: A pass in which the ball is played on with a player's first touch.

Out Swinger: A kick that swerves away from the goal.

Penalty Spot: The marked spot 12 yards from the goal line from which a penalty kick is taken.

Penalty: A penalty kick is awarded when a foul has been committed inside the penalty area in front of the goal. A penalty is taken by one player opposed only by the goal keeper.

Pitch: The soccer field of play.

Red Card: A red card is issued to a player when that player has committed a serious infraction or has been issued with two yellow cards within the same game. The red card held up by the referee to signal that a player is being sent off. The player sent off cannot be replaced.

Referee: The official who is in charge of the game.

Shot: A kick, header, or any intended deflection of the ball toward a goal by a player attempting to score a goal.

Sliding Tackle: A tackle in which the defender slides along the surface of the field of play before making one-footed contact with the ball.

Striker: An attacking player whose job is to finish attacking plays by scoring a goal.

Sweeper: A defensive player whose job is to roam behind the other defenders. A sweeper has no specific marking duties and is the last line of defense before the goalkeeper.

Tackle: To take the ball away from the opponent using the feet.

Through Pass: A pass played past defenders into free space to allow a teammate to run onto the ball.

Throw-In: The ball is thrown in after the ball has crossed the touch line. A player taking a throw in must have both feet on or behind the touch line, must maintain contact with the ground, and must use a two-handed throw made from behind the head. A goal cannot be score directly from a throw-in.

Toe Poke: Use of the toe to strike the ball.

Touch Line: The line that defines the outer edge of the longer sides of the field of play.

Trapping the Ball: Controlling the ball with the sole of the foot.

Volley: Striking the ball in mid-air with either foot.

Wingers: Attackers who play on the wings/flanks of the field.

Yellow Card: A yellow card is held up by a referee to signal a caution for a minor infringement.

Zone Defense: A defensive system where defenders mark a designated area of the field of play instead of tracking players across the field.

 

 

football

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