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Los condimentos: sinfonía de perfumes

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Las especias han tenido un gran protagonismo en la cocina desde sus inicios. Se añadían a los alimentos con el fin de conservarlos mejor, aromatizarlos y en algunos casos buscando efectos medicinales. En ocasiones, su valor quedó consagrado por su uso como moneda de cambio. Su historia está vinculada a la de las grandes exploraciones del mundo, en la búsqueda de rutas comerciales por tierra y mar. En nuestros días, son las responsables de los aromas característicos de muchos platos, y tanto su aplicación prudente como su mezcla armoniosa sirven para diferenciar a los cocineros expertos. San Isidoro de Sevilla imaginó una relación entre aroma y altar, cuando dice: “los aromas son esos olores perfumados que nos envían la India, las regiones árabes y otras.

El nombre de aromas parece derivarse de su empleo en los altares divinos”. A Marco Polo (1254-1324) se atribuyen importantes aportaciones a la gastronomía occidental, como haber traído a Europa el arroz, las pastas y sobre todo por su papel en el comercio de las especias de Oriente, como la pimienta, el clavo y el jengibre.

Las hierbas más importantes de la cocina europea son cuatro: perejil, salvia, romero y tomillo.

THE HISTORY FATHER´S DAY

The history of Father's Day is very interesting. The thought for creating a day for children to honor their fathers began in Spokane, Washington. The idea of having the Father's Day came to the mind of Sonora Smart while listening to a Mother's Day sermon in 1909.

After the death of her mother, she along with her siblings was raised by her father, William Jackson Smart. Sonora wanted to tell her father how special he was. Sonora's father was born in June, so she chose to hold the first Father's Day celebration in Spokane, Washington on the 19th of June, 1910.

The National Father's Day Committee was formed in New York City in 1926. A Joint Resolution of Congress recognized the Father's day in 1956 and in 1966 President Richard Nixon established a permanent national observance of Father's Day to be held on the third Sunday of June. Thus, the Father's Day was born in memory and appreciation by a daughter who believed that her father and all other fathers should be honored with a special day.

 

father

101 Things you need to know and some you don’t!

From the book : 101 Things you need to know and some you don’t!

Do Livro: 101 Coisas que você precisa saber e algumas que você não precisa!

What is the worst smell ever?

It’s a matter of taste, really. Perhaps you take offence at babies’ nappies, dog’s breath, rotting

vegetables or fresh fish? Most people do, but what is it about these things that make them so bad,

and some worse than others?

The worst whiff

Our sense of smell is basically an early-warning system. It’s not as sensitive as most animals’, but

then we face fewer threats. At least we can smell smoke from a fire or leaking gas. And we know

when food has passed its sell-buy gate and gone off, because it smells awful – as would a dead

animal, rotting in a tropical heat. The one thing many of the worst stenches have in common is that

they contain sulphur compounds. Take these natural stink-bombers...

-Skunk: this furry little creature can spray their ferocious fumes out of its backside with incredible

accuracy, and up to a distance of 3m, and the human nose can detect it up to a mile away

downwind!

- Corpse flower: it grows in the jungles of Sumatra and it is the world biggest flower...and the

foulest. Using sulphur-based chemicals it creates its revolting reek in order to attract beetles and

flies, which pollinate the plant.

- Durian fruit: this fruit, which comes from Southeast Asia, is famous for its terrible raw sewage

smell. It’s so bad that durians have been banned on public transport in Singapure.

 

book

World Cup in Brazil 2014

What are the countries where the most World Cup match tickets were bought? Here they are:

1. Brazil - 1,363,179

2. US - 196,838

3. Argentina - 61,021

4. Germany - 58,778

5. England - 57,917

6. Colombia - 54,477

7. Australia - 52,289

8. Chile - 38,638

9. France - 34,865

10. Mexico - 33,694

 

world-ccup

Source: Fifa from BBC News website

Interesting Facts About Brazil

Since FIFA's World Cup is here, why not learn some important and interesting facts about Brazil?

 

    #1: Some Quick Facts

    The name of the country comes from the name of the tree called ‘BrazilWood’

    In Portuguese, it is called Brasil and the language is called Brazil

    The conventional long form of Brazil is Federative Republic of Brazil.

    Brasilia is the capital city of Brazil.

    It has an estimated area of 8,514,877 sq km and a coastline of 7,491 Km.

    The Christ Redeemer located in Rio De Janeiro is located in Brazil which is one of the new seven wonders of the world.

 

    #2: Huge Area!

    Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world.

    It is the largest country in South America.

    It is the longest country in the world spanning 2800 miles via land from north to south

    It is also the largest country in Latin America.

 

    #3: Infrastructure

    Brazil has the second highest number of airports in the world.

    It has the tenth largest railway network in the world.

    It also has the third largest roadways in the world.

    Apart from this, it also has the world’s eighth largest economy in the world.

 

    #4: Highest & Lowest

    The highest point in Brazil is the Pico da Neblina at a height of 2994m.

    The lowest point in the country is Atlantic Ocean at 0m.

 

    #5: Portuguese

    Brazil has the official language as Portuguese.

    The country is the largest Portuguese speaking country in the Americas and has the largest Portuguese speaking population in the world.


    #6: Economy

    Brazil has one of the fastest growing economies. It has an annual growth rate of 5%.

    The country has the ninth highest number of billionaires in the world.

    It also stands tenth highest in the list of vehicle owners in the world.

 

    #7: Hydroelectricity

    Brazil is one of the leading producers of hydroelectric power.

    The country is totally energy independent since the year 2006. It was importing 75% of its energy needs in the form of oil.

 

    #8: Rain Forests

    Brazil has 60% of the rainforests that make up the Amazon rain forests.

    It also constitutes the world’s 25% of the rain forests.

 

    #9: Bio Diverse Richness

    Brazil has the most number of species of mammals, plants, fresh water fishes.

    It has the record for the most number of species of monkeys in the world.

    It stands third with respect to the number of bird species and fifth with respect to the number of reptile species. These interesting facts about Brazil related to Bio diversity of Brazil are really amazing.

 

    #10: The People

    With a population of around 200 million people, Brazil stands fifth largest in terms of the population.

    Brazil has the second highest Christian population in the world.

    The ethnic split up roughly constitutes Europeans – 54%, 6% Africans, 39% Mixed Euro Africans and 1% of other people.

    The literacy rate is very low in this country at 86.4%.

    One more interesting fact about Brazil: Resources & Production

    Brazil exports Coffee, Soybeans, Wheat, Rice, cocoa, citrus, beef and sugarcane.

    The best coffee in the world is said to come from Brazil.

    Natural resources like iron ore, tin, Aluminium, gold, Phosphate, Platinum, Uranium, Manganese, Copper, Coal.

 

brazil

Football Terms

Attacker: A player whose job is to play the ball forward towards the opponent's goal area to create a scoring opportunity.

Back Heel: A ball kicked using the back (heel) of the foot.

Back Pass: A pass that a player makes back toward their own goal, usually made back to the goalkeeper. This is often a defensive move to restart a new phase of play.

Ball Carrier: The player in possession of the ball.

Bending the Ball: Striking the ball off-center so that it travels in a curved path, ideally for shots at goal.

Bicycle Kick: A spectacular move in which a player jumps in the air in a backflip motion, kicking the ball backward over their head. The name comes from action which mimics their legs moving as if pedaling a bicycle.

Center Spot: The spot marked at the center of the field from which the kickoff is made.

Confederation: Organization responsible for football in their region

Corner Flag: The flag marking each of the four corners of the field.

Corner Kick: A free kick taken from the corner of the field by an attacker. The corner kick is awarded when the ball has passed over the goal line after last touching a defensive player. The shot is taken from the corner nearest to where the ball went out.

Cross: A pass played across the face of a goal.

Defender: A player whose job is to stop the opposition attacking players from goal scoring.

Direct Free Kick: A free kick in which a goal may be scored by the player taking the free kick.

Dribble: Keeping control of the ball while running.

Dummy Run: A run by a player without the ball, to lure defenders away from the ball carrier.

Far Post: The goalpost farthest from the ball.

FIFA: The acronym used for the Federation Internationale de Football Association, the world governing body for the game of association football, which is based in Switzerland.

Football: The term used for soccer in Europe and other countries outside of North America and Australia.

Foul: Any illegal play.

Free Kick: A kick awarded to an opposition player when an player has committed a foul. Free kicks can be either direct or indirect.

Futsal: version of Fottball played indoors

Give and Go: (also known as a 1-2) When a player passes the ball to a teammate, who immediately one-touch passes the ball back to the first player.

Goal Area: The rectangular area in front of the goal in which the goalkeeper may handle the ball. It is also known as the 18-yard box because of its dimensions.

Goal Kick: A goal kick is awarded to the defending team when the ball is played over the goal line by the attacking team. It can taken by any player though it is normally taken by the goalkeeper.

Goal Line: The two boundary lines located at each end of the field.

Goal Mouth: The area in front of the goal.

Goalkeeper: The specialized player who is the last line of defense, who is allowed to control the ball with his hands when in the goal area.

Header: Using of the head to pass or control the ball.

Indirect Free Kick: A free kick awarded to a player from which a goal may not be scored directly.

Inswinger: A kick that curves in toward the goal.

Kickoff: The kickoff is taken from the center spot at the start of play at the beginning of each half and after a goal has been scored.

Man to Man Marking: A defensive system where defenders are designated one attacking player to track continuously.

Midfielder: The playing position for players that are responsible for linking play between attackers and defenders.

Nearpost: The goalpost nearest the ball.

Obstruction: Causing obstruction, which is blocking an opponent with the body, is penalized by awarding an indirect free kick to the opposition.

Offside Trap: A technique used by defenders to put attacking players in an offside position, by moving quickly away from their own goal to leave attackers offside.

Offside: A player is in an offside position if he is nearer to his opponent's goal line than both the ball and the second-to-last opponent. This does not apply if the players is is on their half of the field. An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team at the place where the offside occurred.

One-Touch Pass: A pass in which the ball is played on with a player's first touch.

Out Swinger: A kick that swerves away from the goal.

Penalty Spot: The marked spot 12 yards from the goal line from which a penalty kick is taken.

Penalty: A penalty kick is awarded when a foul has been committed inside the penalty area in front of the goal. A penalty is taken by one player opposed only by the goal keeper.

Pitch: The soccer field of play.

Red Card: A red card is issued to a player when that player has committed a serious infraction or has been issued with two yellow cards within the same game. The red card held up by the referee to signal that a player is being sent off. The player sent off cannot be replaced.

Referee: The official who is in charge of the game.

Shot: A kick, header, or any intended deflection of the ball toward a goal by a player attempting to score a goal.

Sliding Tackle: A tackle in which the defender slides along the surface of the field of play before making one-footed contact with the ball.

Striker: An attacking player whose job is to finish attacking plays by scoring a goal.

Sweeper: A defensive player whose job is to roam behind the other defenders. A sweeper has no specific marking duties and is the last line of defense before the goalkeeper.

Tackle: To take the ball away from the opponent using the feet.

Through Pass: A pass played past defenders into free space to allow a teammate to run onto the ball.

Throw-In: The ball is thrown in after the ball has crossed the touch line. A player taking a throw in must have both feet on or behind the touch line, must maintain contact with the ground, and must use a two-handed throw made from behind the head. A goal cannot be score directly from a throw-in.

Toe Poke: Use of the toe to strike the ball.

Touch Line: The line that defines the outer edge of the longer sides of the field of play.

Trapping the Ball: Controlling the ball with the sole of the foot.

Volley: Striking the ball in mid-air with either foot.

Wingers: Attackers who play on the wings/flanks of the field.

Yellow Card: A yellow card is held up by a referee to signal a caution for a minor infringement.

Zone Defense: A defensive system where defenders mark a designated area of the field of play instead of tracking players across the field.

 

 

football

World Cup - useful words

cupThe FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champions is the Spain team , who won the 2010 tournament in South Africa.

A seguir algumas palavras referentes à Copa do Mundo.

USEFUL WORDS / Palavras úteis

ASSISTANT REFEREE [assistente / bandeirinha]
AWAY GAME [jogo fora de casa]
BACK [zagueiro]
BENCH [banco]
BICYCLE KICK [bicicleta]
BOO [vaiar]
CENTRE FORWARD [centroavante]
CHANGING ROOMS [vestiários]
COACH [técnico]
COMMENTATOR [locutor]
CORNER / CORNER KICK [escanteio]
CROSS [cruzamento]
CROSS-BAR [travessão]
DEFENCE [defesa]
DEFENDER [zagueiro]
DRIBBLE [driblar]
EQUALISER [gol de empate]
EXTRA TIME / OVERTIME [prorrogação]
FAN [fã, torcedor]
FINAL WHISTLE [apito final]
FIRST HALF [primeiro tempo]
FOOTBALL [futebol]
FOOTBALL BOOTS [chuteiras]
FORWARD [atacante]
FOUL [falta]
FREE KICK [cobrança de falta]
FRIENDLY GAME [amistoso]
GAME [partida, jogo]
GOAL [gol]
GOAL-KICK [tiro de meta]
GOALKEEPER [goleiro]
GOALPOST [trave]
GOLDEN GOAL [gol de ouro]
HALF TIME [intervalo]
HALFWAY LINE [linha do meio de campo]
HOME GAME [jogo em casa]
INJURY TIME [acréscimos]
KICK-OFF [pontapé inicial
LEFT WINGER [ponta esquerda]
LINESMAN [bandeirinha / assistente]
LOSE [perder]
MANAGER [técnico]
MATCH [partida, jogo]
MIDFIELDER [meio-campista]
NET [rede]
OFFSIDE [impedimento]
OWN GOAL [gol contra]
PASS [passar; passe]
PENALTY [pênalti]
PENALTY AREA [grande área]
PENALTY KICK [cobrança de pênalti]
PENALTY SPOT [marca do pênalti]
RED CARD [cartão vermelho]
REFEREE / REF [árbitro, juiz]
RIGHT BACK [lateral direito]
RIGHT WINGER [ponta direita]
SCISSORS KICK [bicicleta]
SCORE [marcar gol]
SECOND HALF [segundo tempo]
SEND OFF [expulsar]
SHOOT [chutar]
SHOT [chute]
SIDE-LINE [linha lateral]
SLIDING TACKLE [carrinho]
SOCCER [futebol (AmE.)]
STAND [arquibancada]
STRIKER [atacante]
SUBSTITUTE [reserva]
SUDDEN DEATH [morte súbita]
SWEEPER [líbero]
TERRACES [arquibancada]
THROW-IN [arremesso lateral]
WARM-UP [aquecimento]
WHISTLE [apito]
WIN [vencer]
WORLD CUP [Copa do Mundo]
YELLOW CARD [cartão amarelo]

El breve amor - poema de Julio Cortázas

EL BREVE AMORjulio

Con qué tersa dulzura
me levanta del lecho en que soñaba
profundas plantaciones perfumadas,
me pasea los dedos por la piel y me dibuja
en le espacio, en vilo, hasta que el beso
se posa curvo y recurrente
para que a fuego lento empiece
la danza cadenciosa de la hoguera
tejiédose en ráfagas, en hélices,
ir y venir de un huracán de humo-
(¿Por qué, después,
lo que queda de mí
es sólo un anegarse entre las cenizas
sin un adiós, sin nada más que el gesto
de liberar las manos ?)

 

10 most spoken languages in the world

e15287834c05fc5b9610d88c29892ab3

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